Jasminum officinale is native across the temperate regions of most continents, member of the Oleaceae family and commonly known as Jasmine. This plant is highly cultivated in the Mediterranean, Caucasus, India, China, Northern Iran, and Pakistan (Bhattacharya & Bhattacharyya, 1997; Hussain, Bakhsh, Aziz, Majeed, & Khan, 2013) due to its valued fragrance. In fact, no known synthetic process is able to imitate the Jasmine scent.
Although, originally it was used to attract pollinators, especially nocturnal pollinators (Raguso & Pichersky, 1999), this distinct scent is now frequently used in the perfume industry. In general, the flowers of the J. officinale bloom between May and June. From September to November, it bears fruit to black berries with dark red juice.
Jasminum officinale is also important for its medicinal properties. It is often used in aromatherapy. It is suggested to have stimulating effects on the central nervous system and aids various difficulties related to the endocrine systems. It can also relieve menstrual pains and menorrhagia (Lawless, 2013). In addition, J. officinale extracts are used in dermatology for its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties against human pathogenic bacteria (Hussain et al., 2013; Khan et al., 2013; Suthar & Vyas, 2013). However, the degree of antimicrobial activity depends on which part of the plant used to create the extracts (Hussain et al., 2013). For example, products derived from the whole plant showed greater inhibition against bacteria and fungus than flower-only extractions. This fragrant plant provides many benefits to humans besides just smelling nice.
Note that the jasmine commonly found in “jasmine tea” belongs to another species in the Jasminum family, Jasminum sambac (Moon et al., 1994).
Bhattacharya, S., & Bhattacharyya, S. (1997). Rapid multiplication of Jasminum officinale L . by in vitro culture of nodal explants. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 51, 57–60.
Hussain, M., Bakhsh, H., Aziz, A., Majeed, A., & Khan, I. A. (2013). Comparative In vitro study of antimicrobial activities of flower and whole plant of Jasminum officinale against some human pathogenic microbes. Journal of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicine, 2(4), 33–43.
Khan, U. A., Rahman, H., Niaz, Z., Qasim, M., Khan, J., Tayyaba, & Rehman, B. (2013). Antibacterial activity of some medicinal plants against selected human pathogenic bacteria. European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology, 3(4), 272–4. doi:10.1556/EuJMI.3.2013.4.6
Lawless, J. (2013). The encyclopedia of essential oils (pp. 19–21). San Francisco: Conari Press.
Moon, J., Sakata, K., Inagaki, J., Yagi, A., Ina, K., & Shaojun, L. (1994). Linalyl B-D-Glucopyranoside and its 6’-0-malonate as aroma precursors from Jasminum sambac. Phytochemistry, 36(6), 1435–1437.
Raguso, R. A., & Pichersky, E. (1999). A day in the life of a linalool molecule: Chemical communication in a plant-pollinator system. Part 1: Linalool biosynthesis in ßowering plants. Plant Species Biology, 14, 95–120.
Suthar, A. R., & Vyas, P. J. (2013). Essential oils from plants : A Review. International Journal of Chemtech Applications, 2(1), 129–134.